LinkedIn Accounts of Scholars Blocked in China
SINGAPORE—Eyck Freymann, an Oxford University doctoral student, was surprised to get a notice from LinkedIn this month telling him his account had been blocked in China. The “Experience” section of his profile, which detailed his career history, contained “prohibited” content, he was informed.
The social-networking site owned by
didn’t explain more, but Mr. Freymann said he thought it was because he had included the words “Tiananmen Square massacre” in the entry for his two-year stint as a research assistant for a book in 2015.
“LinkedIn is pulling people’s material off without telling them why,” he said. “It was surprising because I am just a graduate student. I didn’t think I would have mattered.”
The academic is one of a spate of LinkedIn users whose profiles have been blocked in recent weeks. The Wall Street Journal identified at least 10 other individuals who had their profiles blocked or posts removed from the China version of LinkedIn since May, including researchers in Jerusalem and Tokyo, journalists, a U.S. congressional staffer and an editor based in Beijing who posted state media reports about elephants rampaging across China.
A LinkedIn spokeswoman said in a statement that while the company supports freedom of expression, offering a localized version of LinkedIn in China means adherence to censorship requirements of the Chinese government on internet platforms. The company didn’t comment on whether its actions were proactive or in response to requests from Chinese authorities.
LinkedIn made a trade off to accept Chinese censorship when it entered China in 2014 and has typically censored human-rights activists and deleted content focused on posts deemed sensitive to the Chinese government. The recent dragnet stands out for having caught several academics in its path, resulting in the deletion of entire profiles instead of individual posts.
The actions underscore the challenge for foreign companies in China: acquiesce to Chinese government demands or risk getting shut out of its giant market. But enforcing Chinese censorship also risks a backlash from users and politicians in the West who see companies taking part in the suppression of free speech.
China’s internet regulator summoned LinkedIn officials in March to tell them to better regulate its content, according to people familiar with the matter. The social-networking site was given 30 days to clean up the content and promised to better regulate its site going forward, the people said.
Shortly after, LinkedIn said in a statement on its website that it would be pausing new member sign-ups as the platform worked “to ensure we remain in compliance with local law.”
LinkedIn received 42 requests from Chinese authorities last year to take down content, the most globally, according to the company’s semiannual transparency reports. It took down 38. It hasn’t released more recent numbers.
The LinkedIn notices said that the decision would be reversed if the blocked users updated the “prohibited content,” but didn’t tell them what that was.
“It’s astonishing to see that LinkedIn complies with the Chinese authorities’ censorship policy without being able to justify their acts to its users,” said Tony C. Lee, a professor at Freie Universität Berlin, who was blocked on June 17.
The LinkedIn message noted problematic content in the “Publications” section of his profile, a section he hadn’t updated in more than a year. With no details provided, Dr. Lee, who researches political psychology and modern China, suspects two papers he had written about China’s leadership—one of which compared current President
—may have led to the blocking.
Searches conducted by the Journal for the terms “Tiananmen,” “Uyghur forced labor,” or “Hong Kong national security law,” threw up less than a handful of results or far fewer results on LinkedIn for Chinese members.
Microsoft’s Bing search engine, which is also available in China, drew controversy this month after it blocked the iconic “Tank Man” image linked to the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre not just in China, but also for its U.S. users. The company blamed “accidental human error” and restored the image.
LinkedIn, which has more than 750 million members globally, is the only major Western social-media company allowed to operate freely in China. Peers such as
are inaccessible unless users have software to disguise their location.
China researchers and academics say this heightened censorship is part of the tightening control of the Chinese internet and public opinion under Mr. Xi. The ruling Communist Party marks its centennial anniversary next week and Beijing is clamping down on any kind of information that deviates from the official narrative, said Stephen Nagy, an academic at Tokyo’s International Christian University. Mr. Nagy’s profile was hidden in China this month by LinkedIn, citing prohibited content.
Mr. Freymann, the doctoral student, said he received a reply to his request for more information on Tuesday—after the Journal asked LinkedIn about its actions—informing him it was his stint as a research assistant that led to the block, without mentioning the exact words that were banned.
Roie Yellinek, a scholar at Israel’s BESA Center for Strategic Studies, also had to deduce why he had been blocked on June 7. Jerusalem-based Dr. Yellinek, who researches China’s soft power and influence in the Middle East, said he guesses it was his work written in Hebrew about China’s efforts to shape the country’s public image in Israel.
“Chinese authorities are trying to send a very clear message that, ‘We are watching you, don’t mess with us,’ ” Dr. Yellinek said.
—Keith Zhai contributed to this article.
Write to Liza Lin at [email protected]
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